The general sport traumatology of the tendinous lesions includes, besides the acute lesions, forms with a marked invalidating chronic evolution, which are caused by an overload to which the locomotive apparatus of the athlete is subjected during the specific activity.
Acute tendinous lesions include:
Tendinous fracture: is determined by a considerable and sudden effort that acts on a structure already struck by previous degenerative processes;
Insertional osseous avulsion: is a lesion with the straining of the cartilages of the growth that are typical of the adolescent age;
Tendinitis: are those acute, inflammatory pathologies of the tendinous body in its different portions not accompanied by degenerative phenomena;
Peri-tendinitis: are acute, inflammatory pathologies of the tissues that surround the tendons.